Are you struggling with the Luxembourgish word order when using words such as well or wann?
Well & wann are words called conjunctions. A conjunction connects phrases (main & subordinate part). There are several conjunctions but we will concentrate in this lesson on 2 of them – probably the most common ones – which DO change the word order:
Well & Wann
Well means because and wann either means if or when and they are subordinate conjunctions. This means that they introduce a subordinate clause (= a dependent phrase which cannot stand on its own).
Let’s take the following example:
Hatt geet bei den Dokter. Hatt ass krank.
Remember the most important rule about the word order: the verb is ALWAYS the second element in a main clause!
We have 2 separate phrases. But we can combine these 2 phrases with a conjunction:
- Hatt geet bei den Dokter, well hatt krank ass. – She goes to the doctor because she is sick.
As you can see well is followed by the subject – hatt – and the verb is at the end of the clause.
☛The subordinate conjunction well pushes the verb to the very end of the sentence.
The same applies with wann:
- Hatt geet bei den Dokter, wann hatt krank ass. – She goes to the doctor when she is sick.
Main clause, subordinate conjunction + subject + ….. + verb
Remark: note the comma before the subordinate conjunction.
What happens if the subordinate clause comes before the main clause?
Then we have the rule: Verb – comma – Verb
Wann hatt krank ass, geet hatt bei den Dokter.
Well hatt krank ass, geet hatt bei den Dokter.
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- Try to combine the 2 sentences into one with either well or wann!
- Write the same sentence by starting with the subordinate clause!
- Mir bleiwen haut doheem. Et reent.
- Ech gi Vëlo fueren. D’Wieder ass schéin.
- Ech maachen haut kee Sport. Ech muss laang schaffen.
- Hie léiert Lëtzebuergesch. Hie wëll Leit kenneléieren.
- Ech gi meng Elteren besichen. Ech hunn de Weekend Zäit.
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