In the previous lesson you have learned what possessive adjectives are and how to use them in the nominative & accusative case.
Seng Schong si schéin. – His shoes are nice. (nominative)
Hues du deng Mamm gefrot. – Did you ask your mother? (accusative)
Remember that when you’re considering which possessive adjective to use and how to use it, there are some factors to bear in mind:
The sentence case – the dative case – is a factor that requires to change the ending of the possessive adjective.
Should you not be familiar with the dative case I would advise you to revise this lesson!
So, in this lesson you are going to learn the
Possessive Adjectives in the dative case
For the dative case of possessive pronouns we add the ending –em for masculine and neuter nouns. For female nouns we add –er and for plural nouns –en:
Masculine & Neuter nouns
ech – mengem my
du – dengem your
hien/hatt – Sengem his/her
si – Hirem (formal) her
mir – Eisem our
Dir/dir – Ärem/ärem your
si (pl) – hirem their
ech – Menger my
du – Denger your
hien/hatt – Senger his/her
si – Hirer her
mir – Eiser our
Dir/dir – Ärer / ärer your
si (pl) – Hirer their
ech – Mengen my
du – Dengen your
hien/hatt – Sengen his / her
si – Hiren her
mir – Eisen our
Dir/dir – Ären/ären– your
si (pl) – Hiren their
As you can notice these possessive pronouns are very similar to the indefinite articles in the dative case (which you can learn in this lesson).
Ech sinn d’Marie. Dat ass mäi Mann (masc. noun) – I am Marie. This is my husband.
Ech gi mengem Mann e Kuss. – I give a kiss to my husband.
⇒ Ech is the nominative (the person acting)
⇒ e Kuss is the accusative (direct object)
⇒ mengem Mann is the dative (indirect object = the receiver of the direct object)
Dat ass mäi Kand (neuter noun). Ech gi mengem Kand e Kuss.
This is my child. I give a kiss to my child.
⇒ mengem Kand is the dative (indirect object = the receiver of the direct object)
Learn the most commonly used verbs like ginn (to give) which always require the dative case.
Dat ass meng Duechter (fem). Ech gi menger Duechter e Kuss.
This is my daughter. I give a kiss to my daughter.
⇒ menger Duechter is the dative (indirect object)
Dat si meng Elteren. Ech gi mengen Eltern e Kuss.
These are my parents. I give a kiss to my parents.
⇒ mengen Elteren (plural noun)