The verb verstoen is one of the first verbs a Luxembourgish student learns:
Ech verstinn dat net. – I don’t understand this.
is an oft-repeated sentence in a class.
I’ve noticed that almost all of my students (even more advanced learners) always hesitate when it comes to conjugating correctly verstoen (to understand) by using it in a sentence.
Let’s Start with a Useful Tip:
Do you know how to conjugate the verb goen?
Hien / hatt / si geet
Past Participle: gaang(en)
Now know how to conjugate verstoen as well. I follows the same pattern:
Hien / hatt / si versteet
Past Participle: verstan(en)
Listen for the correct pronunciation:
To build the present perfect you need to use the verb hunn
☞ hunn … verstan(en)
And note that verstoen has NO imperfect tense.
Let’s Practice with Common Phrases
We need to make sure to use the correct tense of the verb verstoen:
Ech verstinn d’Fro net. – I don’t understand the question.
Mäi Papp versteet keen Englesch. – My father doesn’t understand any English.
Ech hunn d’Fro net verstan. – I haven’t understood the question.
Meng Kanner hunn alles verstanen. – My children have understood everything.
Ech kann dech* gutt verstoen. – I can understand you well.
Ech wëll onbedéngt Lëtzebuergesc verstoen. – I absolutely want to understand Luxembourgish.
Remember that a modal verb requires us to have a second verb in the phrase. And this 2. verb comes at the very end of the phrase in the infinitve form. And DON’T add the small word “ze” before this 2. verb!!
As you can see verstoen needs the accusative case: Ech verstinn dech*.
Verstéi mech net falsch. – Don’t get me wrong.
Luxembourgish Expression With Vertsoen
Dat versteet sech vum selwen. That’s self-evident. That goes without saying.
Translate the following sentences into Luxembourgish:
- Can you (informal) understand this?
- I don’t understand what he is saying.
- Do you (informal) understand Luxembourgish?
Check the solution by downloading the PDF and practice with MORE sentences to translate !
I hope you liked it and found it useful. And …. why not sharing this lesson with your friends:-)