Tips for learning irregular verbs in Luxembourgish

Did you know that between 60% and 70% of the time when we use a verb in Luxembourgish, it is an irregular one? That means that learning and using correctly irregular verbs is essential for learning Luxembourgish!

Luxembourgish has so many irregular verbs that it can make you go crazy… but even irregular verbs follow some patterns. In this lesson, you’ll learn “series” of irregular verbs and their conjugation that can make it easier to memorize them.

Learn the basics (the conjugation of regular, irregular & modal verbs) of the Luxembourgish verbs!

Irregular Verbs in Luxembourgish


The conjugation of irregular verbs follows a predictable pattern: only the 2. person singular (du) and 3. person singular (hien, hatt, si) change their stem. That is, the verb changes its stem vowel, but the endings are the same as for any other regular verb in the present tense.

Let’s take for example the conjugation of the verb maachen (to make / to do):

ech maachen
du méchs  
hien/hatt mécht  
si mécht
mir maachen
dir maacht
si maachen

1. Series – vowel change → ë

a (short) &  ie – ue → ë

schwammen (to swim), fannen (to find), klammen (to climb), gewannen (to win), verschwannen (to disappear)

iessen (to eat), vergiessen (to forget),  huelen (to take) –

These verbs always follow the same pattern:

ech schwammen  / huelen
du schwëmms    /  hëls 
hien/hatt schwëmmt    /  hëlt
si schwëmmt   /   hëlt
mir schwammen /  huelen 
dir schwammt    /  huelt
si schwammen /  huelen

2. Series – vowel change →  ee

a / o long→ ee

lafen (to run), kafen (to buy), akafen (to go shopping), oprafen (to pick up from the floor)

froen (to ask), soen (to say), undoen (to put on / to wear)

ech lafen /   soen
du leefs  /  sees
hien/hatt leeft   /   seet
si leeft  /    seet
mir lafen /   soen
dir laaf/    sot
si lafen /   soen

3. Series – vowel change →  ä

a → ä

falen (to fall), halen (to hold), gefalen (to like / to please)

ech falen
du fäls  
hien/hatt fält
si fält
mir falen
dir faalt
si falen


Remember that in Luxembourgish we can change the meaning of a verb by adding a separable particle. For example we can have for halen & falen the following verbs:

ophalen (to stop) – ofhalen (to hold) – aushalen (to support, to endure) – anhalen (to keep to, to repsect) asw…

opfalen (to catch one’s eye) – eroffalen (to fall down) – ausfalen (to fall out, to be cancelled) – virfalen (to occur)

4. Series – vowel change →  éi

o long→ éi

droen (to carry), schlofen (to sleep), loossen (to let/to leave), roden (to advise), blosen (to blow)

ech schlofen
du schléifs  
hien/hatt schléift
si schléift
mir schlofen
dir schlooft
si schlofen


5. Series – Sepcial Verbs:

éi → i

The 5 following verbs (which are used on a daily basis in conversations) follow a special pattern. Learn them separately.

kréien (to get); and

fléien(to fly), geschéien (to happen), léien (to lie), zéien (to pull)

ech kréien   / fléien
du kriss     / flitts
hien/hatt kritt      / flitt
si kritt      / flitt
mir kréien  fléien
dir kritt     / flitt
si kréien fléien

fueren (to drive / to go)

ech fueren
du fiers  
hien/hatt fiert
si fiert
mir fueren
dir fuert
si fueren

kommen (to come / arrive)

ech kommen
du kënns  
hien/hatt kënnt
si kënnt
mir kommen
dir kommt
si kommen


These 3 verbs are completely irregular!! If you know how to conjugate the verb goen, you will remember easier how to conjugate verstoen:-))

goen (to go/ to walk) – verstoen (to understand) – stoen (to stand / to be situated)

ech ginn
du gees  
hien/hatt geet
si geet
mir ginn
dir gitt
si ginn


This is of course, not an exhaustive list. I just would like that you learn the verbs that are used in every day conversations and that are useful for you in everyday conversations, dear learner.

Learning tip

Don’t just study this list – try to create your own sentences and use all the verbs you know! This will help you remember them much better.

Übung (exercise)

Watch the video so to practice your pronunciation and your grammar –  along with me!

Download this lesson as a PDF copy!

If you want to learn Luxembourgish from scratch but you don’t have time to attend classes then this my online course is for you!

 Easy Luxembourgish Level 1  


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